Trans(h)ition? Exploring the actor-networks constituting the arena for a transition in Dutch sanitation
'A plea for radical change in handling toilet waste is made by some technical scientists and environmental organizations: away from the current sewage system towards source-separation and alternative treatment (like composting, anaerobic digestion or separate urine treatment). Arguments to underpin this plea are: the current system is spoiling drinking water, energy and valuable nutrients that could be used as fertilizer; it results in sub-optimum effluent quality (with regard to nutrients,medicine and hormone residues); it would be economically inefficient.
Their proposals for new sanitation would require big changes in technological infrastructure, but also in the institutions managing wastewater: new forms of cooperation are needed and possibly the involvement of third parties (like nutrient recyclers or energy companies). It also requires changes in users’ behaviour and culture. It thus implies a multi-level, multi-domain change: a transition.
This thesis is an exploration of the “arena” for such a transition.'
Bron: Van Vliet (2006)